Setting a toilet pan
Follow these simple instructions to set a new toilet pan on a mortar bed.
Materials you will need
- 20kg bag of Sand & Cement
- Toilet pan
Tools you will need
- Tile cutter or angle grinder
- Drill and mixing attachment
- Measuring jug
- Sponge or damp cloth
- Access to clean water
- Spirit level
Sand & Cement is a carefully proportioned blend of graded sands and cement
Before you get started
- Read the Hints & Tips section
Coverage: One 20kg bag of Sand & Cement is required to set a toilet pan.
Before you begin any project, please ensure you protect yourself with the following:
Look after yourself properly
- Protect your skin and eyes. Cement based products are alkaline and can cause burns to exposed skin or eyes.
- All 20kg bags of cement products require 2 people to lift them safely. Always follow safe lifting procedures to avoid injury. So you will need a friend to help you handle the 20kg bag of Sand & Cement.
How to use Sand & Cement to set a new toilet pan
Step 1: Prepare for the mortar base
Score the floor tiles with a tile cutter or angle grinder to allow the bedding to set on a roughened surface to ensure adequate binding. Remove any dust or loose materials from the tiles.
Step 2: Mix the Sand & Cement
Add one 20kg bag of Sand & Cement to a large bucket and add 3.5 litres of clean water. Mix well with a trowel or drill and mixing attachment to achieve a workable mix remembering that excess water will weaken the strength of the mortar.
Step 3: Form a mortar bed
Apply the mixed product around the scored out areas of the tiles leaving a slight gap around the pan connector on S-trap installations. The mortar bed should be approximately 50-60mm in height.
Step 4: Set the pan on the mortar bed
Set the toilet pan into the bed of mortar ensuring that it remains 10mm above the finished floor. Ensure that the pan is level by checking it with a spirit level.
Step 5: Finishing off
Remove any excess mortar, trowel the outside of the mortar bed smooth and wipe the pan clean with a sponge or wet cloth.
Hints & tips
- Unless you are a really experienced DIY'er, we recommend you call in a professional licensed plumber to complete this job.